A Case of Lifelong Opposition
to Government Protected
by Lori Carangelo
"Carangelo v. Connecticut” was not "won." So why publish a book about a class action that was not "won"?
This book is offered as an information guide and supplements "Chosen Children 2016." Adoption reform activists, attorneys, law students and others often asked me for case cites, statistics, historical references, or other information to help support legislative bill proposals, legal pleadings, books and articles. This book explains how the federal Child Abuse and Prevention Act (CAPTA) and Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA), intended to help children and families, have instead terrorized and torn families apart from forced adoptions while rewarding kidnappers -- government protected child stealing. (CAPTA and ASFA are detailed in the book's Addendum to "follow the dollars.") Also included are the actual pleadings which detail my own story and that of others "similarly situated," the federal and state laws we challenged, rulings filed in our case, previous case cites, and defines and chronicles decades of "successful" and "failed" efforts in both "open records" and "anti-adoption" activism in opposition to government protected child stealing.
Most people understand the necessity for "open records" legislation and lawsuits, if not the extent of the different approaches. Groups such as "Bastard Nation" and "Access Connecticut" lobby state legislators for "unrestricted" adult adoptee access to their original (unfalsified) birth certificate, while state lobby groups negotiate "compromise" legislation that would, for instance, allow one family member to "veto" disclosure of identities to the other party. Either approach restricts disclosure to "adults," leaving half the United States population with an adoption or relinquishment in their immediate family subject to secrecy laws for 18, 21 or more years. "Nothing awful" has happened in Kansas where adoptees' birth records have always been "open."
"Anti-adoption" activism, however, whether opposed or embraced, means different things to different people. The term "anti-adoption," when addressing the "core issue" of the Constitutionality of adoption itself, implies "abolishing" adoption in favor of more humane forms of child custody -- such as individualized child guardianship that already exists in law, or new expressions of child welfare that do not treat the child as property without rights. Australia has all but "abolished" adoption, now rarely utilized and considered a "last resort" in that country. "Anti-adoption" sentiments accrued from "wrongful adoption" lawsuits by "birth" parents claiming loss of parental rights from coercion, duress, no notification, and by "adoptive" parents claiming, for instance, illegality of the adoption, or misrepresented medical condition of the adopted child, etc. This book sorts out the rhetoric and exposes what the Courts have covered up, in this case and others.
You have a right to know.
INTRODUCTION - 5
THE DEFINING MOMENT
Government Protected Child Stealing Under Color of STATE LAW - 9
1969 - Defining Moment - Losing My Son - 9
1986 - A Meeting of Like Minds - 9
1987 - HR-867 ASFA and SB-1162 (Connecticut) - 11
1987 - How I Found My Son and How and Why He Was Taken - 11
1989 - AmFOR's "Repeal" Proposal to State Legislators - 13
1989-2012 – AmFOR, ALARM: Lobbying and Circumventing Law - 14
Government Protected Child Stealing Under FEDERAL LAW – 24
1990-1993 - "Carangelo et al v. Connecticut et al"
in the United States District Court of Connecticut - 24
1990 - Amended Class Action Complaint - 36
1990-1993 - US. District Court Docket, Rulings - 60
1993-1994 - "Carangelo, Schafrick v. Weicker, State of Connecticut" - 74
1993-1994 - Petition for Writ of Cert, 2nd Circuit, US Supreme Court - 76
1994 - Memorandum by Eric C. Nelson - 91
2002 - Adoption Books - 97
2008-2015 - Facebook - Familiar and New Voices - 98
2009-2016 - "Dear President Obama" - 100
Government Protected Child Stealing and HUMAN RIGHTS - 101
Universal Declaration of Human Rights - 101
1992 - AmFOR, Data Source to United Nations "Rights of the Child" Project - 106
1993 - "Sale of Children in the United States" Report - 108
1992 - AmFOR and Hague Court Intercountry Adoption Treaty Conference - 131
1993 - Comments - 133
2016 - LGBT and the "Right to Adopt" - A Third View - 135
BIBLIOGRAPHY – 137
Top Row: Attorney John J. Carangelo; Attorney Robert F. Carangelo; Paralegal Taress Carangelo
Bottom Row: Attorney Pierluigi Carangelo; Attorney Justin B. Carangelo; Kathy Carangelo; Lori Carangelo
The CARANGELO LEGAL EAGLES
as Lawyers, Judges, Advocates, Plaintiffs, Defendants
Apparently, we CARANGELOs have a genetic predisposition for upholding or challenging the law. Here's a sampling:
JOHN J. CARANGELO, former Orange, Connecticut judge, is an attorney at The Law Offices of John J. Carangelo, LLC, in Orange and Milford, CT whose practice areas include civil and criminal litigation and family law.
ROBERT F. CARANGELO JR., Partner in Weil's Litigation, a securities lawyer recognized by "New York Super Lawyers," represents major corporations including Merrill Lynch, New York Stock Exchange, Verizon, etc.
TARESS CARANGELO is a Paralegal with Faxon Law Group trial lawyers in New Haven, Connecticut.
PIERLUIGI CARANGELO, of Jacobacci & Partners SpA, is an Italian and European patent attorney in Rome, Italy, specializing in computer applications and defense identified inventions.
JUSTIN B. CARANGELO, is an attorney in Nashville, Tennessee, whose areas of practice are Anti-Trust Law, Health Care, Employment, etc.
KATHY CARANGELO, as Director of Constituent Services for City of Boston, has a handle on legislation, politics and politicians.
JOHN CARANGELO of New Mexico sued Albuquerque-Bernalillo Water Authority (Case No. 26,757, in 2011), for diverting 14.7 billion gallons of water a year from the Rio Grande public water supply -- and won.
LORI CARANGELO, aka Americans For Open Records (AmFOR), an advocate for "adoption affected persons," and the wrongfully convicted, did not "win" her CARANGELO v. CONNECTICUT (U.S. Dist Ct. of CT at New Haven, Case No. H-90-21-EBB), 1990-1993; US Supreme Court (Case No. 93-6838), 1990-1994, Certiorari Denied. But she proudly won her case against a lawyer in CARANGELO v. ATTORNEY ARMIN R. CALLO (Superior Court of Indio, California, Case No. INS1600141) in 2016.
WILLIAM H. CARANGELO sued STATE FARM FIRE & CASUALTY et al (3:08 cv01208) in Pennsylvania in 2008.
BENJAMIN CARANGELO, a Probational Constable in General Police Duties in CARANGELO v. NEW SOUTH WALES (NSWSC655, in 2015) sued for compensation for psychiatric injuries sustained as result of a number of traumatic experiences in his line of duty that resulted in Depression. Unfortunately, he did not win his claim due to a finding that the Police Commissioner had not breached a duty.
CARANGELO v. NUTMEG FARM INC., (115 Connecticut 457, 461, 162 A. 4) set a precedent in 1932 on the admissibility of bills for determining "value" in a claim for damages. The common law also permitted a parent to waive the right to recover damages in favor of the child by bringing an action for the minor alone as "next friend."
JAMES VINCENT CARANGELO in "STATE v. CARANGELO" (151 N.J. Super. 138 376 A.2d 596) in 1977, was a case highlighting "probable cause" for search and seizure with an expired search warrant. It was about 14 men, including CARANGELO who got into trouble in New Jersey, from betting on a football game, (lotteries then being illegal, whereas now the states legally run lotteries). The cops spent a month and a half watching a "brown paper bag" believed to contain lottery receipts and cash, being carried back and forth from a tavern (which Carangelo's defense lawyer told the judge "could have been beer." Seems James and his friends challenged their arrest and indictment for Conspiracy to violate New Jersey gambling laws, as "a violation of their Constitutional rights."
The story reminded me of a story my mother told me -- that when I was a baby, my father, AL CARANGELO, a factory worker, "ran Numbers" as a "bag man" in New Haven, Connecticut, in the 1940s, as many did to generate some cash for their family as it seemed harmless enough. But The Mob evidently believed he had short-changed them, as The Mob always thinks that, so someone threw a rock through our front window with a threatening note as a "warning"- narrowly missing me. My mother then decided it was time to move to Hamden, CT, where I was raised and where she kept a tight rein on Dad.
I never knew James Carangelo, nor the others on this page, though all Carangelos are related. I create these pages because our history is not just names and dates on the family tree, it's the stories that are priceless. I'm still laughing about JAMES V. CARANGELO and the 14 men that New Jersey believed were committing such a major crime (in 1977) that the cops conducted a 1-1/2 month investigation with a legion of Hudson and Bayonne County detectives, rooftop surveillance with binoculars, an inside undercover plain clothes cop, and a sting operation involving CARANGELO, a brown paper bag, $191, and some buddies betting on a football game at the Hotsy Totsy Club. Today, they would probably have their own TV series.